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Geschäftsreise auf Englisch
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Grammatik auf Englisch
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Geschäftsreise auf Englisch - Knigge für Indien

Schlagwörter: Geschäftsreise auf Englisch, Englisch Geschäftsreise, Business Trip Englisch, Knigge für Indien, India

The Indian subcontinent has been home to advanced civilisations since antiquity, but it has also been conquered repeatedly by invaders. Each invader, naturally, brought its customs and language with it.

Before 1500 came the Aryans, predecessors of the Hindus. Then came the Muslim Moguls, who ruled for a very long time until the Portuguese arrived. They were followed by the French, Dutch and finally the English. From 1760 on, the subcontinent was ruled by the iron hand of the British East India Company, whose primary goal was to crush as much profit out of the land and its inhabitants as possible. In 1858, India was transferred to the British Crown, where it remained until 1947, when India became an independent country.

When the British left, British India was divided into primarily Muslim Pakistan and primarily Hindu India. The cultural fabric of India reflects this past: the national language is Hindi. English is an official language and the language of business, and it is joined by 14 other official languages used in everyday life.

Modern India
Although images of street beggars with horrible diseases remain ( for good reason ) in the imagination of Western tourists, India is in fact a technologically modernising democracy. It is the 11th largest country in the world ranked by GDP – which puts it above Spain, Australia and Mexico. This does not preclude the fact, however, that much of India remains in poverty. Its health system also has quite some way to go to be on par with European standards.

Indian culture is an interesting and at the same time unlikely mixture of the modern world and the past, all of which exists together. Employees working at high-tech companies return to modern, suburban homes containing families dressed in traditional clothing and practising religions that existed before recorded history. Within any Western country, it’s easy to apply the word homogeneous to that country’s way of life. This is a word you could never apply to India. As a result, visiting can be both exciting and unsettling. This same diversity, by the way, is part of what will help catapult India to the world’s leading economy by 2050.

The decision-making process
India is famous for its caste system. Although this is now being challenged by the young, it is still very much a part of Indian life. As a result, decision-making tends to be collective, but the final decision still rests with the person having the highest authority.
Although individual equality is guaranteed by law, it is rarely observed. The caste system dictates a strict hierarchy of importance and respect in society, and the qualitative evaluation of individuals according to their caste is ingrained.

Women also take a subordinate role to men. Male chauvinism is quite strong, and women do not enjoy equal privileges or respect, even in business situations. Be sure to accommodate this if you are planning negotiations in India.

Yes and no
Indian culture is one of the many that believes saying no is rude. In India, it goes so far that an Indian may tell you what you want to hear even if it is far from the truth. Avoid feeling as if this is being dishonest. For an Indian, not attempting to give someone what he has asked for is considered terribly rude.

Indians themselves have developed a good sense of what others would not be capable of doing. To avoid unpleasantness, they will therefore try to avoid asking for anything that will put the other person in the position of having to say yes to the impossible. On the other hand, when an Indian says yes and means it, the yes feels very concrete. When he says yes politely, he is often deliberately vague about details. Look for verbal clues such as a reluctance to commit to a time or be firm:

“Yes, but I’m not sure when I can get to that.”
“Can you do that?” “Yes, I’ll try.”
For an Indian, “Yes, I’ll try” very likely means no.

The caste system has created a hierarchical culture. Always greet the oldest or most senior participant first.
In business situations in large cities, especially where there is much contact with the West, shaking hands is common. Men will shake hands with men, women will shake hands with women, but men and women seldom shake hands because of religious beliefs. Wait for your Indian counterpart to offer his or her hand if you are not sure.

To prevent error, you may also try a common Indian greeting called the Namaste. Place your extended palms together, facing each other, with your fingers pointing straight up, and position this formation in front of your chest with your elbows extended outward a bit. The result is similar to a triangle with praying hands in the centre. Perform the Namaste with a smile for the people you are greeting as a show of respect.

Gifts are not required, but if you decide to give your host a gift, wrap it in red, yellow or green paper for luck. A gift from a man should be given from him and his wife or girlfriend, but never from him alone. Remember that Hindus don’t eat beef and Muslims don’t eat pork or drink alcohol. Take these aversions into account when selecting a gift.

Status is determined by university degree, age, caste, title and profession. Use people’s professional titles as you would in Germany. If a person does not have a title, use Sir or Madam. If you have a university degree or title, be sure to put it on your business card.

Dining tips

Most Indian food is eaten with the fingers, using bread to scoop up food. Though getting a bit of curry on your fingertips is to be expected, be careful not to allow curry to run down your fingers. This is considered very ill mannered.

Wait to be told where to sit.

Leaving a small amount of food on your plate indicates satisfaction. Leaving your plate empty indicates hunger.

Wash your hands before and after the meal.

Schlagwörter: Geschäftsreise auf Englisch, Englisch Geschäftsreise, Business Trip Englisch, Knigge für Indien, India

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