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Grammatik auf Englisch - Alle und jeder

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Gramma

Knowing whether to use each or every can sometimes be quite tricky. Which translation is correct?

Smartphones werden jedes Jahr billger.

Smartphones get less expensive each year.

Smartphones get less expensive every year.


The answer is: both are correct. At first this exercise may appear to be unhelpful, but the point is to help clearly identify the difference between each and every.


The fundamentals of each and every

Each expresses the idea of individuality. When used with a group, it implies the action of viewing, handling or processing the items in the group individually, one at a time. There may be exceptions within the group.

Every expresses the treatment of multiple items as a single item. When used with a group, it implies that the uniformity of all items in a group is so high that they may be treated collectively as a single, generalised concept. There are no exceptions in the group.

Let's take another look at our first examples:

Smartphones get less expensive each year.

Here the feeling is that as each year goes by, one at a time, prices drop.

Smartphones get less expensive every year

Here the feeling is one of generalisation. The prices are always dropping over time.

Can you sense the difference? Both words are correct in this case because the speaker could mean either. Not all situations, however, make sense with both words.

Each manager has her own way of tracking project time.

Here the feeling is "one at a time" and "each one individually".

Incorrect: Every manager has her own way of tracking time, [her implies individuality. Correct would be Every manager has a way of tracking time.]

Every citizen should have a right to freedom of speech.

Incorrect: Each citizen should have a right to freedom of speech.

Here the feeling is one of generalisation. All citizens considered collectively and without exception should have freedom of speech.


The fine points of each

Each may be positioned directly after forms of the verb to be or directly after other verbs to intensify the meaning of individuality or "one-at-a-time". In this case the noun becomes plural.


During the company's spring picnic, each employee was drawn into the volley ball game. ->

During the company's spring picnic, the employees were each drawn into the volley ball game.

Each employee received recognition for his efforts during the past year. ->

The employees each received recognition for their efforts during the past year.


Each can be used with the meaning of both

James entered the conference room carrying a laptop under each arm.

Jessica and Francine were there and I spoke with each of them.


Each can be used as a (singular) noun

Each is entitled to his or her opinion.

Each of our employees is valuable to our business process.

Each one of the suspects was subjected to an intensive interrogation under a glaring white light.

Each as a noun is often followed by of

Each of the products is a market leader.


The fine points of every

Every is used to express repetition or continuity

We review our sales figures every second week.

CBS Systems attend the tradeshow every year.

The train to City Centre leaves every hour on the hour.


Every is used with cardinal numbers in the plural and ordinal numbers in the singular.

Every third applicant is rejected.

Our board meets every three weeks.


Every is not used for multiple items

Incorrect:
James entered the conference room carrying a laptop under every arm.

Correct: James entered the conference room carrying a laptop under each arm.

Every is sometimes used to mean "the greatest possible" or "very much"

Gerald had every right to complain after being passed over for the promotion.

I wish you every success in your new endeavour.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Gramma

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