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Grammatik auf Englisch - Bei der richtigen Zeit ankommen

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, English Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch richtige Zeit

Here is a short, needs-oriented summary of all of the rules we presented in 2010. Tear it out and keep it on hand for those situations when you\'re in doubt. Test your knowledge of tense formation on the next two pages!

Describing the past


  • When the action started and was
    completed in the past: simple past


  • When the action occurred over a period
    of time or was repeated in the past: past
    continuous (look for the feeling of during)


  • Looking back from a point in the past to
    a completed action even further in the
    past: past perfect


  • Looking back from a point in the past to a
    continuous or repeated action even fur¬
    ther in the past: past perfect continuous

Describing the present

  • When the action is general: present simple


  • When the action is a habit or happens all
    the time in the past, present and future:
    present simple


  • When the action is happening now and does
    not generally take place in the past, pre¬
    sent and future: present simple using tobe


  • When the action is happening now but
    happens frequently at other times as
    well: present simple


  • When the statement being made is
    always true: present simple


  • When the action is happening now (it is
    currently in progress) or just before or
    after now, and is not habitual or recur¬
    ring: present continuous


  • When the action occurs only for a period
    of time but is not habitual or recurring:
    present continuous


  • When the action expresses a trend:
    present continuous


  • Looking back from a point in the past
    to an action or ongoing action that
    ends now [test with now or until now):
    present perfect simple and continuous

Describing the future

  • When the action refers to something
    that is scheduled: present simple


  • When the action is a planned occurrence
    in the future: present continuous


  • When the action takes place in the
    future: \"will\" future


  • When you spontaneously decide to do or
    offer something: \"will\" future


  • When you talk about a future event you
    cannot influence: \"will\" future


  • When you provide information about the
    future that is not certain or is a predic¬
    tion: \"will\" future


  • When promising something: \"will\" future


  • When describing a future action that
    will be completed by a certain time:
    future perfect


  • When describing an action that will take
    place at a particular time or over a period
    of time in the future: future continuous


  • When describing something you have
    already planned: \"going to\" future


  • When describing something you have
    already decided: \"going to\" future


  • When you see that something is going
    to happen: \"going to\" future


  • When you predict the future based on
    current evidence: \"going to\" future

Tense construction
Simple past

verb + -ed


Mr Johnson asked for help.

When the verb stem ends with p or n,
double it before adding -ed: stopped.

When it ends with y you may need to
change it to /first: paid.

Use did to negate the simple past: / did
not call you on your birthday.

Remember that many verbs are irregular.
They are not formed with -ed and must
simply be learned.

Past continuous

was/were + verb + -ing


My phone was ringing every 10 minutes.
If the verb ends in e, drop it before add¬ing -ing: coming. If it ends in n, double it first: spinning.

Past perfect

had + past participle


We had already decided on a new course of action.

Past perfect continuous

had been + verb + -ing


I had been planning to go to Paris until I heard about the general strikes.

Present simple

I/we/you + (auxiliary verb + not] + verb

he/she/it + (auxiliary verb + not) + verb + s


We appreciate your patience.
Jonathan Grasser knows his stuff.
Steven does not listen to advice.
If the noun is he/she/it, s is added to the end of the verb. If an auxiliary is used, the sis added to the auxiliary.

Present simple using to be

I/we/you + am, he/she/it + is


I am not happy with the decision.
My printer is broken.

Present continuous

auxiliary verb + verb + -ing


I\'m speaking with a customer.
We are having lunch with Nancy
today at 12:30.
He\'s not taking calls at the moment.
If the verb stem ends in \"consonant -
vowel - consonant\" and the last syllable
is stressed, double the last letter before
adding -ing: blogging.
If the last syllable is not stressed, don\'t
double the last letter: playing.
If the verb stem ends in ie, change it to y
before adding -ing: lying.
If the verb stem ends in \"vowel - consonant - e\", drop the e before adding -ing: taking.

Present perfect- simple and continuous

has/have + past participle

has/have been + verb + -ing


The present perfect tenses are formed just like the past perfect tenses, except has/have are used instead of had. We have considered that idea before. Jason has been thinking about retiring.

\"will\" future

will + verb


Ms Jennings will call you before the end of the day.

Future perfect

will + has/have + past participle


The seminar will have begun by this time tomorrow.

Future continuous

will + be + \'ing\' form of the verb


Martin Blanchard will be playing golf with the CEO tomorrow.

\"Going to\" future

am/is/are + going to + verb


The entire team is going to participate in the workshop.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, English Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch richtige Zeit

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