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Grammatik auf Englisch - Englische Satzzeichen kompakt erklärt

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Satzzeichen Englisch, Englische Satzzeichen

Punctuation marks are symbols used to indicate the structure and organization of text, as well as the intonation and pauses that should be made when reading it aloud. Because modern English has nearly no remaining word endings to help the reader understand meaning, punctuation is very important. Punctuation errors will not only appear to be grammatically incorrect, they can change the meaning of the sentence as well.

Consider the difference in meaning between these two sentences:


The people at the party who were given a bottle of wine were very happy.

The people at the party, who were given a bottle of wine, were very happy.



In the first example, only some of the people received a bottle of wine. In the second, all of them did!

Luckily, almost all of the punctuation marks used in German are also used in English. In most cases, they are even used in the same way. The punctuation rules important to business writing are outlined in the table to the right.

Numerical expressions
When someone says slash, they mean "/". When they say backslash, they mean "\".

Currency and decimal values use a "," to separate thousands, and "." to separate the decimal value: £8,904,312.55.

"00" is used instead of "-": £8.00, not £8,-.

Most currency symbols (especially £, $ and €) should be placed before the amount, usually without a space.

The time is 6.30 (BE) or 6:30 (AE).

@ is sometimes used like the German je: 30 Laptops @ £ 1295,00.


` apostrophe
Used to show possession. Placed before the "s" for singular nouns and plurals that do not end in "s": children's games. Placed after the "s" when the plural ends in "s": our products` features. Placed after the "s" or before another "s" for singular nouns already ending with "s": Mr Jones` report or Mr Jones`s report. Also used to create contractions: we are -> we`re, they are -> they`re, he is -> he`s, it is -> it`s, etc.

Note:
"It`s" always means "It is". "Its" is the possessive form of "it".


( ) round brackets (BE) parentheses (AE)
Used to insert additional information or comments into a sentence: The products (pictured above) are currently available. Part 39-0 ($129.95) is available in black or red.


: colon
Used to display a list of three or more elements: Part 39-0 is available in: red, black and white. Also used to introduce one or more examples (as is done in this table). Avoid other uses.


. full stop (BE) period (AE)
Used to mark the end of a sentence, after titles in American English (Mr., Mrs. and Ms.), but not in British English (Mr, Mrs and Ms). Also used after initials: Larry J. Miller.


, comma
Used between two phrases separated by a conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet): James was at work, but Susan was not. Used after an adverbial clause answering the question "when?", "where?", "why?", "with what goal/result?", and "under what conditions?": Because they were out of stock, we cancelled our order. Used to separate items in a list, except after the last item: red, yellow and black. Also used after certain introductory words or phrases (However,), and to separate additional information: Our organiser products, now also available in green, are higher in quality than those available elsewhere. Keep your usage of commas to a minimum. Use short sentences instead.


- hyphen
Used to join two or more words serving as an adjective before a noun (high-quality products), to create compound numbers greater than 20 (twenty-five), to avoid confusion between words (re-sign a document instead of resign a position), to avoid awkward combinations or doubled letters (semi-independent), with the prefixes ex-, self- and all-, with the suffix -like and to hyphenate words that are divided across lines (words are hyphenated between syllables).


— dash
Used to add or insert additional information that should be stressed: The product can be used anytime — even at freezing temperatures.


! exclamation mark
Used to express humour in informal business correspondence (She actually said that!) and to add excitement to marketing text (You can even use it in your car!).


? question mark
Used at the end of a question.


" " speech marks (BE) quotation marks (AE)
Used to indicate speech: "It`s a good business opportunity for us," said the CEO. The German speech marks «, » and „ are never used. In American English, punctuation following quoted material is always placed inside the last speech mark. In British English, punctuation comes before the speech mark when it is part of what is being said or at the end of what is being said, and after the speech mark if it is part of the sentence structure.


; semi-colon
Used to separate related clauses: There have been a lot of problems; these have now been solved. In most situations, a full stop is preferable.


# number sign (BE, AE) pound sign (AE)
Used to replace the word "number". (Extension #213).

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Satzzeichen Englisch, Englische Satzzeichen

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