Suche


Navigation

Smalltalk auf Englisch
Englisch Smalltak - Smalltak auf Messen und Reisen, reden über Job und Familie, Urlaub, Sport und das Wetter. Fragen nach dem Befinden. Unterhalten auf Englisch.

Korrespondenz auf Englisch
englische Korrespondenz, englische Briefe verfassen, englische Angebote, englische Mahnbriefe, englische Weihnachtsgrüße, Beschwerdebriefe auf Englisch, Zahlen auf Englisch Korrespondenz

Geschäftsreise auf Englisch
Englisch für die Geschäftsreise, Englisch auf Reisen, Business-Englisch auf Geschäftsreisen, Englisch lernen für Geschäftsreisen

Telefonieren auf Englisch
Englisch Anrufbeantworter, Anruf entgegennehmen auf Englisch, Nachricht hinterlassen auf Englisch, Buchstabieren auf Englisch, Begrüßung auf Englisch

Meetings auf Englisch
Besprechungen auf Englisch, English for Meetings, Englisch für Meetings, Business English Meetings, Meetings in Englisch, Meetings Englisch, Business Englisch Meetings, englischsprachige Meetings

Grammatik auf Englisch
Englische Grammatik, Zeiten in Englisch, Indirekte Rede in Englisch, Präpositionen auf Englisch, englische Satzzeichen, Bedingungssätze auf Englisch, aktiv und passiv Englisch, Konditionalsätze auf Englisch


 

Grammatik auf Englisch - Indirekte Rede

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Indirekte Rede auf Englisch, Englisch indirekte Rede

When you report speech, you usually report
something someone said in the past.


Consider the following statement from
James:

The next day, you’re speaking with Andreas
and tell him what James said:

James said that he was enjoying working
on the Adabase project.

Note that said is used because the statement
was made in the past. The verb
James used must also be put into the
past tense because he said it in the past.
Although you might hear a native-speaker
report speech in the past using a verb in
the present, such usage is incorrect:

James said that he is enjoying working on
the Adabase project.

Reporting speech in the past tense

Here’s a list of the most common action
verbs along with examples of how to use
them to report speech in the past. Notice
how the pronoun changes to refer to the person
who made the original statement. Notice
also how words referring to time must be
changed to the corresponding references in
the past. The action verb must also be placed
one step into the past.

Am, is - was
(Holger) My manager is on holiday.
- Holger said that his manager was on
holiday.
(Malcolm) I’m finding it difficult to find a
solution to the problem.
- Malcolm said that he was finding it difficult
to find a solution to the problem.

Are - were
(Sarah and Helen) We’re going to order
more paper on Friday.
- Sarah and Helen said that they were
going to order more paper on Friday.

have, has - had
(Mathew) I have to leave early today.
- Mathew said that he had to leave early
yesterday.
(John) The entire marketing team has
flown to Australia for a tradeshow.
- John said that the entire marketing
team had flown to Australia for a
tradeshow.

Can - could
(Margaret) I can’t find the correct database
entry.
- Margaret said that she couldn’t find
the correct database entry.

Will –> would
(Mr Jameson) I’ll phone you tomorrow
with a decision.
- Mr Jameson promised me he would
phone today with a decision.

Do, does - did
(Angela) I don’t have any experience using
content management software.
- Angela said that she didn’t have any
experience using content management
software.

Look, feel - looked, felt
(Peter) You look tired today.
- Peter said that I looked tired yesterday.
(Ludwig) I feel that this approach is taking
us in the wrong direction.
- Ludwig said that he felt that this approach
was taking us in the wrong
direction.

One step into the past!

Even if the verb is already in the past tense,
you still need to place it one step further
into the past. For example:

(Malcolm) I found it difficult to find a
solution to the problem.
- Malcolm said that he had found it difficult
to find a solution to the problem.

The sagen pitfall

The German word sagen can mean say or
tell in English. Here’s how to know which
to use:


  • If the statement is being directed at
    no one in particular, use say


  • If the statement is being directed at
    someone or a group, use tell


Examples:
He says that he likes his job.
He tells me every day that he likes his job.
Notice that with say, a dative noun or
pronoun is not used. With tell, a dative
pronoun or noun must be used. This is very
important to remember, and is one of the
most common mistakes German speakers
make when speaking English.

Say - said
(Martha) I’m tired.
- Martha said that she was tired.

Incorrect: Martha said me that
she was tired.

Tell - told
(Jim) Really, Julian, I’m feeling quite
excited.
- He told me he was feeling
quite excited.

Incorrect: He told that, he said me,
he told to me …

Reporting speech in the present, present perfect or future

Reporting speech in the present, present
perfect or future tenses is easier because the
tense of the action verb is simply retained.
Pronouns still need to be modified to reflect
the original speaker, however, and words referring
to time must be changed to the corresponding
references in the present or future.
Holger says his manager is on holiday.
Angela has said she doesn’t have any experience
using content management software.
Malcolm will say that he is finding it difficult
to find a solution to the problem.

Reporting a general truth

When reporting a general truth in the past,
present or future, the original verb tense
is usually retained:
(Trainer) Executing these steps in the
proper order is extremely important.
- The trainer said that executing these
steps in the proper order is extremely
important.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Indirekte Rede auf Englisch, Englisch indirekte Rede

Business English Trainer Weitere Artikel zum Thema Grammatik auf Englisch finden Sie in unserem monatlich erscheinenden OWAD Business English Trainer.
Testen Sie drei Ausgaben von OWAD Business English Trainer kostenlos. Die erste Ausgabe erhalten Sie jetzt sofort, die anderen beiden während der nächsten zwei Monate.

Hier geht's zur Bestellung.

Archiv

Insiders Wordpower
Insiders Wordpower
mehr...
Business English Trainer
OWAD Business English Trainer
mehr...
OWAD
OWAD
mehr...
Free Test
Free-Test
mehr...
Seminars
Seminars
Meet Paul Smith face to face in one of his popular seminars and trainings.
mehr...
Owad-For-Business
Owad-For-Business
mehr...