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Grammatik auf Englisch - Nicht immer das letzte Wort: haben

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar,Nicht immer das letzte Wort: haben

The verb have is similar to the German haben in that it is used both as a main verb and as an auxiliary verb. It’s worth taking a look at its usage from time to time, as things can get tricky in the past tenses and this can lead to hesitation and lack of confidence — especially when speaking.

Four forms

The four forms of have are:
have: infinitive, present tense, and auxiliary I, you, we, they have
has: present tense and auxiliary he, she, it has
had: past tense, past participle, and auxiliary I, you, he, she, it, we, they had
having: gerund

Have as a main verb
The simplest use of have, which describes possession, is as a main verb in the present tense:

My secretary has her own office.
We have three office buildings in Paris.


It can also imply existence of a thing or a property:

I have an appointment at 10.
Europeans have a long cultural history.
The mountain has an altitude of 3000 metres.


In some cases — especially with some idioms — it expresses the feeling of get .
Compare:
Mary has a baby.
Mary had a baby.


Mary had a baby can be interpreted in two ways. The first interpretation is possession, and implies that Mary no longer has a baby. The second is get:

Mary gave birth.

Common idiomatic usages like have a good time and have breakfast are also interpreted with the meaning get:

Did you have a good time?
We are having a good time.
I had breakfast with Irene yesterday.


Have as an auxiliary verb
Have is also used to form the present and past tenses of verbs ( see table below). For those learning English as a second language, things get really confusing when have is used both as an auxiliary and as a main verb in the same sentence.

Present perfect
The present perfect is used to describe actions that began in the past and are still true now. The action may or may not continue.

In this example, have is the auxiliary putting the tense into the present perfect; had is the participle of have being used as the main verb:

I have had many opinions on that during my lifetime.

Implying existence:
I have had three consecutive appointments in a row, and I still have four more to go.

Idiomatic expressions:
The newspaper reported that Princess Kathleen has had a baby.
Have you had a good time while you were here?


Past perfect
The past perfect is used to describe actions that began and completed in the past before another past action, event, or time:
In this example, had is the auxiliary putting the tense into the past perfect; had is the participle of have being used as the main verb:

I had had many opinions on that before the latest research provided incontrovertible proof.

Implying existence:
I had had three consecutive appointments in a row before I went home sick.

Idiomatic expressions:
The newspaper reported that Princess Kathleen had had a baby before she had the operation.
I wish you had had a good time there; we probably won’t go back.


The continuous tenses
The continuous tenses additionally add the word been and change the verb to its gerund to provide a feeling of ongoing action. Study the usage of tense in the following examples carefully:

We’ve been having one problem after another on the project.
I had been having one illness after another before I finally regained my health.


Careful!
Don’t use the simple past when the past perfect is required. Always check to see if the action completed before a past event. If so, you want the past perfect.


Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar,Nicht immer das letzte Wort: haben

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