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Grammatik auf Englisch - Reine Formsache: Teil I

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Reine Formsache

When you need to sound professional, your attention to detail often makes the difference. Last month, we presented ideas for making correspondence function better using modern communication techniques. At the heart of our tips was the need to be short and to the point. Supplementing brevity with a clean, accepted style makes your communication all the more effective, for it eliminates the chance that readers stumble over grammatical usage they may think is in error. Beginning this month, we’ll review some of the most important techniques of English writing style. Think of this as your own mini-guide to style.

Use commas for added detail

When you need to add details in mid-sentence, use commas where possible, not brackets.

Incorrect: We recommend staying in one of the following hotels ( in case you have not already made other arrangements ) because they are close to our office.

Correct: We recommend staying in one of the following hotels, in case you have not already made other arrangements, because they are close to our office.

Group related words
Confusion can result when words that belong together and form a single concept are not kept together. Check each sentence you write to ensure your words form logical groups and rephrase if necessary.

Incorrect: I noticed a group of people standing in the crowd that was well dressed right in the middle of the room.

Correct: I noticed a well-dressed group of people standing right in the middle of the crowded room.

In the incorrect version, the reader would not know if it is the crowd or the group of people who are well dressed, or which is in the middle of the room.

Avoid separating the noun and main verb
Separating the noun from the main verb weakens the strength of a sentence by making the reader wait for the point. Move intervening phrases and clauses to the beginning or end of the sentence.

Incorrect: Smartphones, unless you clean them regularly, are often teeming with bacteria that can make you sick.

Correct: Unless you clean them regularly, smartphones are often teeming with bacteria that can make you sick.

Don’t misuse exclamation marks
Exclamation marks are for exclamations you would make, not — as advertising firms would have it — for adding energy to statements. Using exclamation marks to add energy to a statement has a tendency to reduce the credibility of the statement. Use a full stop.

Incorrect: It will even organize your email box for you automatically!
Do you think the ‘!’ makes this statement sound more believable?


Correct: It will even organize your email box for you automatically.
Wait! I’ll be with you in a moment.
Stop!
What a wonderful dinner! I can’t thank you enough.


Do not use a comma to introduce or end a restrictive clause
A restrictive clause is one that answers ‘Which One?’ Non-restrictive clauses provide parenthetical information. If a statement is restrictive, remove any commas you may have used. If it is non-restrictive, commas are required.

Incorrect: Those, who attend the seminar, will receive a bonus.

Correct: Those who attend the seminar will receive a bonus.

Incorrect: Our CEO who has been travelling for three days has a mountain of work to do now.

Correct: Our CEO, who has been travelling for three days, has a mountain of work to do now.

Incorrect: My office mate, Tim, likes to come in early.

Correct: My office mate Tim likes to come in early.

In this example, it appears as if you have only one office mate. The sentence does not answer ‘Which One?’, but adds information about his name. Compare:

Correct: One of my office mates, Tim, likes to come in early.

Form the possessive by adding ’s
Always add ’s, even if the last consonant of the noun is or sounds like s.

Incorrect:
I’m one of Charles’ friends.
We’ll help improve your business’ turnover.


Correct:
I’m one of Charles’s friends.
We’ll help improve your business’s turnover.
Indefinite pronouns like else, one, someone, somebody, and everybody follow this rule too.


Correct:
I’m not interested in someone else’s opinions.

In a list, always use a comma before the last and or or
Some style guides claim you can leave the last comma out, but this can lead to confusion.

Incorrect: The undershorts are available in blue and yellow, blue and red and green and white.

Correct: The undershorts are available in blue and yellow, blue and red, and green and white.

Getting into this habit ensures your writing will never end in ambiguity.

Incorrect:
The colours of the German flag are black, red and gold.

Correct:
The colours of the German flag are black, red, and gold.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Reine Formsache

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