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Grammatik auf Englisch - Schwarz auf Weiß großgeschrieben

Schlagwörter: Englische Grammatik, Englische Gramatik, Grammatik Englisch, Gramatik Englisch, Grammar, Grammar Englisch, English Grammar

Is there a difference between internet and Internet? Or web and Web? Why can the same word be spelt with and without a capital letter?
In general, proper nouns(specific things)are capitalised, whilst common nouns (generic things) are not. So, internet refers to any computer network made up of multiple smaller networks, while the Internet is the global computer network which connects us all. A web can mean any connected system, but the Web is the system of connected documents on the Internet. The specific rules are as follows:

The first word of a sentence always begins with a capital letter.
There was a studio interview in front of a live audience.
It was very exciting.


The pronoun “I” is always capitalised.
I’m staying at a hotel.
If I finish early, I’ll go out for a beer.


Proper nouns always start with a capital. Proper nouns refer to specific people, places, things, pets, organisations, etc. They are usually names.
The University of Manchester
I was talking to John Smith.


North, South, East, and West are only capitalised when they are part of a place name ( state, country, or city ).
North West England
East Anglia
South America
North Dakota

Common mistakes:
He lives in Southern England.
Southern England is not a recognised place name.

Geographical features such as rivers, seas, mountains, etc., are capitalised when they refer to the name of the feature.
The North Sea
The River Mersey
The Atlantic Ocean

The names of the planets are capitalised, but moon and sun are not. Jupiter, Mars, Uranus and Saturn

Organisations are capitalised.
Liverpool Football Club
The International Monetary Fund


Company trademarks and product names are always capitalised. I always buy Apple computers.
Which phones do you prefer, Nokia or Sony Ericsson?


Historical periods and events are capitalised.
The Middle Ages
The Swinging Sixties
The Magna Carta
The English Civil War


Specific events are capitalised.
Did you see the Champions League Final?
Have you ever been to the Chelsea Flower Show?


Acronyms are capitalised.
I like watching the NFL on CNN.
The BBC is well known for its excellent documentaries.


Common nouns used for an entire class may be capitalised.
The environment is being rapidly destroyed by Man.

Names of gods are always capitalised, but god is not capitalised when it is a common noun.
The Norse gods include Odin, Thor and Freyja.
Does God exist?


Days of the week, holidays, and months of the year are capitalised. Seasons are usually not.
What are you doing at Christmas?
The next meeting will be on Monday, the 26th of September?

Common mistakes:
I love Paris in Spring.

Country adjectives, languages and nationalities are always capitalised.
The Japanese eat a lot of sea food. Try the Greek salad. Do you speak Hungarian?

Family relationship names, when used as proper nouns, are capitalised.
Have you seen Mom anywhere?
I think Dad spends too much time watching TV.


Titles are capitalised when they come before names or when they clearly refer to a specific, unique person by title:
Where’s Professor Jones?
Have you seen the President? (implying the US president)
There’s General Saunders, he’s just been promoted from colonel.

Common mistake:
George Washington was the first President of the United States. (Here, president is not referring to a specific person but rather to a generic title.)

Salutations in letters are always capitalised.
Dear Mrs Smith,
Best regards,


In a quote, the first word is capitalised even if it occurs in the middle of a sentence.
The famous Canadian ice hockey player Wayne Gretsky said: “You miss 100% of the shots you never take.”
Clive James, the Australian writer and broadcaster, stated: “The last stage of fitting the product to the market is fit¬ting the market to the product.”


In titles of books, films, songs, etc., content words – all words except prepositions, articles and conjunctions – are capitalised.
The Sound of Music
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court


In poetry, the first word in each line is (traditionally) capitalised.
Up and down the City Road,
In and out the Eagle,
That’s the way the money goes,
Pop goes the weasel!


Schlagwörter: Englische Grammatik, Englische Gramatik, Grammatik Englisch, Gramatik Englisch, Grammar, Grammar Englisch, English Grammar

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