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Grammatik auf Englisch - Some und Any

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Some Englisch, Any Englisch

Some and any are a never-ending source of confusion for people learning English. This is also true for the words something and anything, as well as for somebody, anybody, someone and anyone.

Here are a few rules that will help you get it right.

Some or any?

Use some in positive phrases:

We are going to purchase some new printers for our front office.

There is some decaf coffee in the store room.

We made some exceptions for our Tier One customers.


Use any in negative phrases:

We are not going to purchase any new printers for our front office.

There isn't any decaf coffee in the store room.

We didn't make any exceptions for our Tier One customers.


In most questions (but not all), any is the correct word to use:

Don't we have any new printers on order?

Is there any decaf coffee in the store
room?

Aren't we going to make any exceptions for our Tier One customers?


In questions that offer or ask for things, some is usually used:

Would you like some decaf coffee?

Could I have some regular coffee, please?


Some and any without a noun

Some and any can also be used to replace a noun when the noun has already been mentioned or is understood from the context:


I didn't write any proposals last week, but Robert wrote some. (proposals)

You can have regular coffee if you like, but I don't want any. (coffee)

Do you have any luggage to check?

No, I haven't got any. (luggage)

Have we received new job postings from our office in Tahiti?

Yes, I believe we received some this morning. (job postings)


Words beginning with some-

Words like somebody, somewhere, something and someone follow the general rule of some. They are used in positive phrases, and in questions that offer or ask for things:


Our manager just said something, but I didn't hear it.

Somebody just walked into my office. Can I call you back?

Someone is waiting for him in the lobby.

Our office is somewhere in the south of France, but I'm not sure where.

Would you like something to eat?

Could I have something to eat, please?


Words beginning with any-

Words like anybody, anywhere, anything and anyone follow the general rule of any. They are used in negative phrases:


Our manager didn't say anything, but I thought I heard him say something.

We didn't hire anybody to fill that position.

We couldn't find anyone with the right skills.

I couldn't find the stapler anywhere.

I don't want anything to eat, thank you.

Incorrect: I don't want something to eat.


How to choose between words beginning with any and some

Words beginning with some imply "one specific but unknown thing". For example, someone = one specific but unknown person, somewhere = one specific but unknown place, and something = one specific but unknown thing.

Words beginning with any imply "one or more unknown things". For example, anyone = one or more unknown people.

This rule is also followed when the word beginning with some or any is followed by an adjective or the word to:


I just read something interesting (one thing).

Mary bought something smaller (one thing).

Would you like someone to call you back? (one person)

Did you meet anyone interesting at the networking event? (not someone)

Do you have anything smaller? (not something)

Don't you have anyone to help you there? (not someone)


In some cases, you can use both some and any in the same position, but each word still carries its "one specific" or "one or more" meaning:

Correct: Someone could walk into my office at any moment. (a specific person)

Correct: Anyone could walk into my office at any moment. (one or more people)


Words ending in -body and -one

Words ending in -body and -one (anybody, anyone) have the same meaning and can be used interchangeably.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Some Englisch, Any Englisch

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