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Grammatik auf Englisch - Was in der Zukunft liegt

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch The future

\"I will a horse!\" is a likely exclamation to come from a young German girl who has just started to learn English. While English native speakers might find this a little confusing, Germans would of course immediately detect a false friend in action. Mffhas only one function in the English lan¬guage, and that is to express a future event.
There are several ways to speak of actions or events in the future. The correct use of each depends on context.

The future using the simple present.

The easiest way to express a future event is when talking about something that is scheduled - as in itineraries, timetables, meetings and programmes. Here you can use the simple present.

The concert starts at 7.30 p.m. When does the train leave?

I arrive at the airport at 9.a.m.


Another present form that can be used to refer to future arrangements or plans is the present continuous form:

What are you doing next week? I\'m taking the inventory. I\'m seeing my attorney this afternoon.

The \"will\" future

One common way to talk about events in the future is to use the \"will\" future.

will + infinitive
Example: Mr Branson will call you before the end of the day.
When speaking informally, willls usually contracted to \'II. I\'ll call you before the end of the day. That\'ll be sufficient for our needs.
You can use the \"will\" future in these circumstances: When you spontaneously decide to do or offer something /\'// carry your bags.

I\'ll go with you if you insist.
When you talk about something you have no influence upon The business unit in Malaysia will be shut down next year:

When providing information about the future that isn\'t certain, or when making predictions

President Obama will receive a surprising show of support in the upcoming midterm election.

When promising something

/\'// call you tomorrow.

Tipp:

The following signal words indicate correct usage of the \"will\" future:

sure expect fear promise guess worry maybe probably

I\'m sure we\'ll be able to resolve this problem for you. Mr Gross promises he\'ll reply to your email soon. I\'ll probably have trouble getting there on time.

Because the \"will\" future has a gram¬matically formal sound, it is preferred by newspapers and magazines, and is perfect for formal business letters.

Tipp:

Remember that will not is contracted as won\'t.

The future perfect

The future perfect tense is used to express that something will be done by a specific time.

will + has/have + past participle

We will have arrived before the meeting starts. Your application will have been processed by tomorrow at noon.

The future continuous

The future continuous is used to talk about activities that will be happening at a particular time or over a particular time period in the future.

will + be + \'ing\' form of the verb

Will Mister Salinger be playing golf tomorrow? Ms Waldinski will not be taking part in any of the inter cultural seminars this year.

The \"going to\" future

The \"going to\" future is used to create the future tense without using the more formal-sounding \"will\". As you might ex¬pect, because of its less-formal sound, it is used frequently in informal speech. The \"going to\" future is constructed as follows:

am/is/are + going to + infinitive

Example:
I\'m going to participate in this afternoon\'s QS.A session.

Here, going to does not replace the verb. Instead, it simply gives the verb a future feeling.

You can use the \"going to\" future in these circumstances:

When describing something you have already planned

I\'m going to go to Paris tomorrow (the tickets are booked).

When describing something you have already decided

I\'m going to resign tomorrow (I was asked to do so and I consented).

When we see that’ something is going to happen The stock market is going to drop again within the next year.

When we predict the future based on current evidence The way things currently look, the old main station in Stuttgart really is going to be torn down.

Warning

Avoid confusing the \"going to\" future with the verb to go: \"Going to\" future:
I\'m going to go to Detroit to buy a car. (=1 will go to Detroit)

Present continuous:

I\'m going to Detroit to buy a car. (=1 am currently on the way to Detroit)

It\'s important to know the difference. Many native speakers use the present continuous of to go to form the future tense of to go. This is grammatically incorrect. To form the future, you can¬not say \"I am going to Detroit\". You must say \"will go\" or \"going to go\".

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch The future

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