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Grammatik auf Englisch - Wichtige W-Wörter

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammanglisch, Englisch Gramatik, W-Wörter

TextColloquially referred to as the ‘Five Ws’, the question words who, what, when, where, and why are the foundation not just of good journalism, but of effective business reporting.

In the early Twentieth Century, the importance of the Five Ws — which are usually supplemented with the sixth W how — was well established in teaching curriculum in the US. Many journalism courses went so far as to say that all six questions should be answered in the first paragraph of any well-written newspaper article.

This journalistic extremism didn’t originate in the US, however. Some of the world’s greatest orators and thinkers were of the same mind, among them Cicero and Boethius. Rudyard Kipling expressed his undying faith in the ‘Six Ws’ in his poem The Elephant’s Child:
Most journalism experts today agree that responding to the Five Ws in the first paragraph of any writing is a bit extreme, but their value is unwavering: good journalism requires using these ‘serving men’ in any article that should inform and make for interesting reading. This is especially true of business reporting, where leaving information out could lead to unprofitable and even disastrous business decisions.

Using the Five Ws
Who
Who refers to a person.
Who left the door open?
Who is responsible for this disaster?

What
What refers to a specific thing or object.
What are you talking about?
What kind of meat is this?

When
When When refers to a time, occasion, or moment.
When should we meet to discuss the details?
When is your anniversary?
When did you start working here?


Where
Where refers to a place or position.
Where is Ankara?
Where is Sally’s Bistro?
Where is the configuration panel?


Why
Why refers to an explanation or reason.
Why did Susan quit without notice?
Why do you want to know that?


How
How refers to a way, manner, or form of action.
How did Iris get that job?
How did the burglars get through our security system?
How do I get my printer working with my smartphone?

Beyond the Five Ws
The Five Ws actually contain six words. To make things more complicated, there are a number of words and phrases that go beyond the Five Ws. Even though they may not be part of the fundamentals of journalism, they’re quite common and very useful.

Which
Which refers to a choice or alternative.
Which colour do you like best?
Which course of action do you think we should pursue?


What…for
is What…for an alternative way to ask why but also a way to refer to purpose.
Why did you do that?
This is the same as:
What did you do that for?
Referring to purpose:
What is this button for?

Whom
Whom is the same as who , but is used when asking about the object rather than the subject of the question.
Asking about the subject with: who
Who sent out the invitations? Asking about the object with whom:
Whom did you invite to the meeting?

Tip! If you can’t decide between who or whom , turn the question around and test with the word. him Example: Text If him Did you invite him to the meeting?is correct, whom is correct.

Why don’t
Why don’t doesn’t actually refer to any¬thing, but instead makes a suggestion.
Why don’t you take a seat and someone will be with you in a moment?
Why don’t you try the sauerkraut balls? They’re delicious.

How come
How come is an informal way to ask why Text
How come I can’t go in until the break?
How come we didn’t just call her this morning?

How in detail
How is also used in the following phrases to get more detail:
How much refers to quantity or price.
How much do you want for that?
How many refers to quantity, and is used with countable nouns.
How many doughnuts are in a baker’s dozen?
How often refers to frequency.
How often do customers visit our website?
How far refers to literal or figurative distance.
How far is Lake Chargoggagoggman¬chauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg from here? (Learn how to pronounce this at www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucCUp-rx6Yc )
How far are you willing to go with your disagreement?

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, Englisch Grammar, Gramatik auf Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammanglisch, Englisch Gramatik, W-Wörter

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