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Grammatik auf English - So fragen Sie richtig

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, English Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch richtige Zeit

Even those who have a good command of English have trouble with questions – and some of them don’t even know it. The little things can trip you up. Check the following rules to correct any of the errors you might unknowingly be making.
Using the right words

With auxiliary and modal verbs
( be, have, will, must, etc. )

To form a simple question, the subject and auxiliary verb are inverted.
Can you type?
Have you spoken to the CEO?

In the present or past simple tenses, when there is no auxiliary verb, the appropriate form of do, does or did is added.
Do you speak English?
Did you go out last night?

Question words
Who, what, how, why, which and where are often used in questions. Whom is the formal object of who, but is not commonly used.
Why are you crying?
Where do you work?
How much is that dog in the window?

Who, what and which as subject
When who, what and which are the subject of a sentence, do, does and did are not used.
Who met you at the airport? Who is the subject.
But: Who( m ) did you meet at the presentation? Who( m ) is the object.

If a verb is followed by a preposition, it always comes at the end of the sentence.
What are you talking about?
Who did you go to the conference with?

Spoken questions
In informal, spoken English it is common to ask questions with the same word order as in a statement, but with a rising intonation.
You’re working late tonight?

In informal, spoken English it is common to leave out the auxiliary verb and pronoun at the beginning of a question.
( Are ) You coming tonight?
( Have you ) Seen Jane anywhere?
Sometimes just the question word and preposition can be used.
I’m thinking. What ( are you thinking ) about?

Question tags
Question tags are short questions that follow a statement. They are formed using the auxiliary verb plus a pronoun. If there is no auxiliary, do is used.
A positive tag is used with a negative question and a negative tag with a positive question.
You’ve met John Smith, haven’t you?
You don’t eat fish, do you?

Be careful with “I am” statements: the tag is “aren’t I?”, not “amn’t I?” When being very formal, “am I not?” is used.
I’m working on Saturday, aren’t I?
Question tags are sometimes used to ask for agreement or to be friendly:
It’s a nice day, isn’t it?
In this case they are spoken with falling intonation.
Sometimes they are used to ask for or verify information:
You haven’t seen Jane anywhere, have you?
This is the right way, isn’t it?
In this case a rising intonation is used.
Ellipsis can also be used in question tags.
( It’s a ) Nice day, isn’t it?

Reply questions
In conversation, short questions containing just an auxiliary verb and pronoun are often used to reply to a statement. The purpose is to express surprise, interest, anger, concern or other emotions, and to show you are listening.
That was a great presentation. Was it?
He didn’t come to the meeting. Didn’t he?

In this context, positive reply questions are used with positive statements, and negative questions with negative statements.
Sometimes negative questions can be used with positive statements to show complete agreement. The structure is very similar to question tags.
She’s done a great job on the new project. Yes, hasn’t she!
A falling intonation is used here.

Indirect questions
Indirect questions are used to ask a question in a more polite way. There are two parts to the question: the first part uses a question form, usually with a modal verb such as could or would; the second part is a statement.
Could you tell me where I can find the coffee machine?
Would you mind working late this evening?
Do you think you could work late this evening?
Do you think I could ask you to work late this evening?

In the second part of the question, the subject and verb are not inverted, and do is not used.
After some expressions, if can be used.
Do you mind if I open the window?
Would you mind if I opened the window?

Hypothetical questions use the conditional form with if.
If you were in my position, what would you do?

Negative questions
Negative questions are used to show surprise, or show you expect agreement. The verb in the contracted negative form is used informally. To be more formal, not is used after the subject.
Isn’t this a beautiful building?
Didn’t you see him at the office?
Did you not see him …? ( formal )

They can be used as invitations:
Won’t you come in for a minute?
They can be used to show criticism:
Why didn’t you follow my instructions?
They can also be used for polite enquiries with a question tag:
You haven’t got any mail for me, have you?
In answers to negative questions, yes and no are used in accordance with the facts:
You haven’t got any mail for me, have you?
You do have mail: Yes.
You do not have mail: No.

Schlagwörter: Grammatik auf Englisch, Englisch Grammatik, Englische Grammatik, English Grammar, Gramatik auf Englisch, Englisch Gramatik, Englische Gramatik, Englisch Grammar, Englische Zeiten, Grammatik Zeiten Englisch, Gramatik Zeiten Englisch, Englisch richtige Zeit

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